Published: January 2024 | Report Code: 12853 | Available Format: PDF
The vanadium redox flow battery market generated an estimated USD 401.2 million in 2023. Further, it will grow at a CAGR of 9.7% in the forecast period (2024–2030), reaching USD 759.4 million by 2030. This is due to the growing demand for vanadium redox flow (VRF) batteries for microgrids and numerous industries, increasing need for dependable power backup, and burgeoning trend of their integration with renewable energy sources.
VRF batteries are rechargeable and use vanadium’s ability to exist in four different oxidation states in a solution. They have a flexible design, almost no risk of cross-contamination, long lifecycle, and high efficiency, and they are highly environment-friendly and safe. They are one of the most-effective options for large-scale electrochemical energy storage. Further, the production of vanadium rose to 117,897 MT V in 2022, thus making it easily available for such energy storage systems (ESSs).
These batteries are now being widely used in many countries as a source of backup for power, to support the constantly rising power demand. They come in handy in the case of a power outage or during peak hours. Additionally, in comparison to alternative energy storage options, the overall cost of VRF batteries is decreasing. This is due to the continuous improvements in electrode materials and manufacturing techniques and the achievement of economies of scale by companies, by augmenting their production.
UPS systems are becoming an essential component of homes, offices, industries, and all other facilities that consume electricity. They are the most common in offices that have expansive IT infrastructure, such as computers and servers. Hospitals and research centers with costly and sensitive equipment also utilize UPS systems with high-capacity battery installations.
Some application areas require a constant supply of high sinusoidal voltage, including personal computers, data center racks & servers, and medical equipment in intensive care units (ICU). These users cannot rely solely on the sinusoidal voltage provided by the main supply for such loads. This is due to the frequent outages, low-voltage waveform quality, and variations in the mains voltage, which are even more apparent in developing countries.
These kinds of vital loads are powered by the UPS. Moreover, it controls the load voltage when the mains voltage varies and suppresses line transients and spikes, thus preventing them from readily coupling to the load in the absence of it and offering a harmonics-free signal.
The most-popular energy storage option for UPSs is lead–acid batteries, but they have short lifecycles and bridging times. Moreover, because the capacity and power of VRF batteries can be adjusted separately, they enable longer bridging durations without using excessive energy; therefore, they are highly suitable for UPSs.
The electricity and heat industries are the highest emitters of GHGs currently, which is why they are making changes to decrease their emissions. Hence, the market for VRFBs will expand as the demand for carbon-neutral electricity increases, as they operate even during severe weather. Further, their reliability and long-duration storage make them suitable for integration with microgrids, even for remote areas and those that do not have any grid connectivity.
Additionally, their extended life, minimal maintenance requirements, adjustable power and energy characteristics as per the specific function, and high round trip efficiency make them popular. Microgrids use these batteries to address environmental issues, while balancing the demand and supply. These backup power systems contain reusable and non-flammable electrolytes, which reduce maintenance requirements and fire risks, respectively.
The installation of microgrids is increasing in isolated and underprivileged areas as it becomes difficult to install a full-scale grid due to certain geographical features. This also makes electricity expensive and raises power losses. Therefore, to provide a dependable power supply at a low cost and minimum investment, a well-designed microgrid has become necessary.
Further, due to the global resource depletion and environmental concerns, energy storage R&D and renewable power generation capacities are booming. But, since the power generated by these sources is not consistent, it will negatively affect the grid if supplied in inadequate amounts or at an incompatible frequency.
Therefore, to balance the demand and supply of electricity through renewable sources, without being hampered by climatic conditions and time, it is crucial to smoothen out the production. For this reason, it is vital to integrate electrochemical ESSs into the grid. Along with providing totally clean energy, these batteries can handle heavy loads; therefore, their integration into solar and wind power plants is increasing.
Market Size in 2023
USD 401.2 Million
Market Size in 2024
USD 436.6 Million
Revenue Forecast in 2030
USD 759.4 million
Market Trends, Drivers, and Restraints; Revenue Estimation and Forecast; Segmentation Analysis; Impact of COVID-19; Companies’ Strategic Developments; Market Share Analysis of Key Players; Company Profiling
By Type; By Application; By End User; By Region
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The carbon–felt electrodes category, under the type segment, is generating the highest revenue in 2023. This is due to the broad applications, reasonable price, and high constancy of these electrodes. Another key driver for their demand is their growing usage in real-time microscopic measurements. As per the National Library of Medicine, VRF batteries with carbon–felt electrodes are appropriate for real-time microscopic sensing and diagnosis.
The graphene electrodes category will go through fast growth during the forecast period, at a CAGR of 9.9%. This will be due to the capacity of these electrodes to provide a high-power density in VRF batteries. For this reason, these are heavily used in gas plasma therapy, as they boost battery efficiency by effectively transporting electrons between the electrodes, through the electrolyte. Gas plasma therapy rate is increasing due to the rising prevalence of chronic and lifestyle-associated diseases.
The automotive category, in the end user segment, holds a significant share in the market due to the growing demand for rechargeable batteries in conventional and electric vehicles. Countries are promoting EVs by setting sales targets for the short term and providing financial benefits. For example, India has set the goal of selling 50 million EVs by 2030. The demand for rechargeable batteries is increasing for electric and hybrid vehicles as they have the capacity to quickly and affordably recharge themselves, with lower power consumption.
Essentially, their efficient energy delivery to replenish EV batteries has a significant positive impact on the growth of the vanadium redox flow batteries market. For example, in October 2022, some researchers created VRFB systems that could recharge 2-W or 3-W electric cars. For supporting intelligent DC fast-charging infrastructure, the batteries are mostly placed in gas stations. Additionally, with the use of inflammable electrolytes, the possibility of a fire decreases significantly.
The energy and power category in the end user segment is generating the highest revenue because global energy consumption has consistently risen to 160,000 TWh in 2022. Due to the expanding population and increasing purchasing power, there is an increasing global demand for energy in every nation. The difficulty of shifting from fossil fuels to low-carbon energy sources is worsened by the rising energy consumption. New low-carbon energy must aim to replace the current fossil fuels in the energy mix, while meeting the increasing demand for heat and electricity.
Therefore, to reach net-zero by 2050, countries are deploying clean-energy sources on a large scale. Alternatives, such as biomass, solar PV, wind, and nuclear power, are being used by many sectors, including automotive & transportation, agriculture, and heavy engineering.
Further, the photovoltaic industry is growing rapidly in the market. Globally and, particularly, in APAC, power consumption is rising as a result of the growing populations, fast urbanization, expanding industries, and infrastructure development. Countries are boosting the power generation capacity by installing new plants or expanding the pre-installed ones, in order to meet this demand.
The share of the APAC region, of around 50% in 2023, is the largest due to the rising concern over carbon emissions and the increasing use of electricity. Developing countries are constantly working to improve the overall operations of industries to decrease carbon emissions. Essentially, they are focusing on sustainable energy, which is driving the gradual shift away from fossil fuels.
Additionally, APAC is home to the world’s largest automotive manufacturing countries: China, Japan, India, and South Korea. With the rising number of government initiatives and investments in China and India for sustainability, the clean energy industry is growing and further driving VRF battery demand.
For instance, in November 2022, North Harbour Clean Energy, Australia, announced a joint venture with CellCube to manufacture VRF batteries with a cumulative capacity of 1,000 MW/8,000 MWh annually.
Another recent key development was the commissioning of one of the world’s biggest flow batteries in Dalian, China. Phase 1 of the project had a capacity of 100 MW/400 MWh, and in the second phase, it would be increased to 200 MW/800 MWh. To counteract the unpredictability of the city’s solar and wind energy supply, the power station will provide grid auxiliary services for both peak shaving and valley-filing. During the grid load valley time, solar and wind energy will be utilized to charge the station’s batteries, by transforming electrical energy into chemical energy, which will be stored in the batteries. This stored chemical energy will be subsequently transformed back into electrical energy and delivered to users, to manage peak load.
North America stands as the second-largest revenue generator. As per the U.S. DOE, grid-scale energy storage has many benefits in economic and energy security terms. Since the electrolyte solution is inflammable and exhibits resistance against degradation, VRF batteries are gaining precedence over lithium-ion batteries. Seeing this trend, in 2021, Sumitomo Electric and San Diego Gas & Electric introduced a 2-MW/8-MWh VRF battery to provide microgrids in California with totally renewable energy. This system has the ability to power around 1,000 homes for 4 hours.
This report offers deep insights into the vanadium redox flow battery market, with size estimation for 2017 to 2030, the major drivers, restraints, trends and opportunities, and competitor analysis.
The 2023 revenue of the market for vanadium redox flow batteries is USD 401.2 million.
By 2030, the vanadium redox flow batteries industry will witness a CAGR of 9.7%.
The market for vanadium redox flow batteries is growing because of the rising power demand and integration of renewable energy sources.
Carbon–felt electrodes hold the largest vanadium redox flow batteries industry share.
The replacement of SLA batteries with VRF batteries is trending in the market for vanadium redox flow batteries.
The energy & power industry leads the vanadium redox flow batteries industry.
APAC is the largest market for vanadium redox flow batteries.
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