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Ultra-violet (UV) disinfection is one of the most comprehensive, effective, reliable and the safest commercially available disinfection technology. UV light with a precise range of its wavelengths (between 200 and 300 nanometers), are found to be germicidal and capable of deactivating harmful microorganisms, such as viruses, bacteria and protozoa. The properties of UV light, including environment friendly, highly effective and chemical-free, has contributed to the widespread adoption of UV as a physical disinfectant technology in various water and waste water treatment applications. Various harmful microorganisms, such as viruses, bacteria and protozoa, after coming under direct exposure of specific wavelength range of UV light, are reduced and become incompetent of reproduction and infection. UV light is also useful in treatment of various pathogenic organisms, comprising those responsible for polio, cholera, typhoid, hepatitis, viral, bacterial, and other parasitic diseases. In addition, UV light is capable of destroying chemical contaminants, such as industrial solvents, and pesticides, through UV oxidation processes.
UV disinfection technique with low operating cost, easy operation and residue-free functioning are becoming more and more popular and replacing the chemical disinfection technique. The growing demand of physical disinfection technology from food and beverages, electronics, chemical and healthcare industries are providing new market opportunity for the UV disinfection industry.
Based on applications, the global UV disinfection market can be segmented into water UV disinfection equipment, air UV disinfection equipment, waste water UV disinfection equipment, food and beverages UV disinfection equipment, and surface UV disinfection equipment. The waste water segment is expected to witness the highest growth during the forecasted period.
Increasing water originated diseases and inefficiency of chlorine in treatment of harmful microorganism such as cryptosporidium is encouraging consumers to adopt effective and advance disinfection technique such as UV disinfection. Moreover, growing market of healthcare and chemical industries, particularly in Asia Pacific region, is boosting the UV disinfection market particularly in air disinfection and surface disinfection segments of the market. Furthermore UV disinfectant technology is cost effective in long run compared to other disinfection techniques such as chlorine and ozone.
The surging urbanisation and rising demand of safe drinking water in developing countries such as India, China, Brazil and South Africa is proving a new growth opportunity for the UV disinfection market. Whereas, the high initial cost of UV disinfection equipment is one of the major challenges in widespread adoption of UV disinfection technique particularly in developing economies of Asia-Pacific.
North America is the largest UV disinfection equipment market attributed to increased use of UV disinfection in large number of water and waste water treatment plants, and food and beverage industries. It is then followed by Asia -Pacific and Europe. Asia-Pacific is the fasted growing market of UV disinfection led by the increasing demand from water and waste water treatment plants of developing countries such as China, and India. Japan is one of the largest markets of UV disinfection in Asia-Pacific.
Some of the major competitors in the global UV disinfection market are XylemInc., Advanced UV Inc., Atlantium Technologies Ltd, Severn Trent Services, Trojan Technologies, Calgon Carbon Corporation, Atlantic Ultraviolet Corporation, First Light Technologies Inc., Green Water Technologies, Enaqua, and General Electric Lighting.