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The high intensity discharge (HID) bulbs, also known as Xenon bulbs or gas discharge bulbs are used widely in the automotive headlamps. The benefit associated with high intensity discharge bulbs, such as high luminaire value and long life are the predominant drivers for the high intensity discharge bulbs market. The HID bulbs don’t have filaments; instead there is a glass capsule in the middle of the bulb containing xenon gas. The metal electrodes are then used for the high voltage pulse transfer to xenon gas in Arc Shape. The transferred voltage is then used to produce high luminaire white light.
HID bulbs are widely used in application, which require high light intensity over large areas. The large public areas, movie theaters, warehouses, large sized spots stadium, and parking lots are some of the major areas, where HID bulb have larger penetration. Some of the other application of the ultra-high Performance high intensity discharge bulb includes LCD or DLP projection TV sets.
In D1 and D3 type of high intensity discharge bulbs, the bulbs have the ignition pack built-in to the bulb, whereas D2 and D4 bulbs do not have the inbuilt ignition pack. D3 and D4 type of high intensity discharge bulb are introduced recently. These two variant works with modern compact ballasts. BMW and Audi are the early adopters of D3 and D4 type of high intensity discharge bulb. However, the lumen output of HID bulbs can depreciate by up to 70% over 10,000 operating hours. The overall market of HID bulb is expected to decline significantly during the forecast period, owing to the availability of cost effective and durable substitutes, such as high intensity LED bulb. The small product life, along with the presence of harmful radiation is the major restraint for the growth of the market.
The D3 and D4 type bulbs are recent additions to the high intensity discharge bulb. These two variant are designed to work with compact ballasts. Automotive sector is the major application segment of this type of bulbs. . The mercury content in D3 and D4 type of HID bulbs is less, as compared to other two variants; and hence they offer better ecofriendly credentials. Moreover, they also run at a lower voltage.
In terms of geography, Asia-Pacific is expected to be the major HID bulb market during the forecast period. The market leadership of Asia-Pacific is mainly anticipated from the use of high intensity discharge bulb in automotive and architectural sector of China, India and Japan. Europe accounted for the second largest HID bulb market during the forecast period. Country wise, China, India, Japan, Brazil, Germany, the U.S., the U.K., and Canada accounted for the major global HID bulb markets in 2014.
The High Intensity discharge bulbs market is highly consolidated. The top three players accounted for more than 55% of the global market in 2014. Some of the competitors in the High Intensity discharge bulbs market are Acuity Brands Lighting Inc., Crompton Greaves Ltd., Philips, General electric, Osram, Bulbrite Industries Inc., and Contrac Lighting.
High Intensity Discharge Bulbs Market Segmentation