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World over, the focus on adoption of cleaner energy has resulted in increased development of renewable power projects. However, these projects being intermittent in nature have resulted in development of battery storage solutions that can effectively coordinate with grid operations. Grid scale battery are the energy storage solutions meant for storing electricity on a large scale mainly in an electrical power grid. These batteries store the electricity when the electricity generated from intermittent power generation sources exceeds the consumption levels which is then returned back to the grid when production falls below the consumption levels.
On the basis of type, the grid scale battery market is categorized into lithium-ion, lead acid, flow battery, sodium-based battery, and others. Lithium-ion batteries are expected to account for largest share in the grid-scale battery market during the forecast period. This is due to the fact that these batteries exhibit properties such as higher energy density, longer life expectancy, and higher efficiency compared to other types of batteries.
Based on ownership model, the grid scale battery market is bifurcated into third party owned and utility owned. It is estimated that third-party owned model is expected to witness higher growth rate during the forecast period as countries in North America and Europe are opting for the third-party owned model, as this mode is more efficient and are promoted by governments across these regions through various incentives schemes.
Based on application, the grid scale battery market is categorized into peak shifting, renewable integration, ancillary services, backup power, and others. Renewable energy integration is expected to account for significant market share in the market owing to growing capacity of renewable power projects, emphasis on achieving energy efficiency and ensuring grid stability.
The major growth driver identified in the grid scale battery market is the large-scale addition of renewable power projects. In a bid to promote the growth of clean energy sources, countries across the world are setting up large number of renewable power projects such as wind and solar power plants. The growing capacity of renewable power projects has resulted in variable output of power owing to its intermittent nature. This has negatively affected the grid operations. Grid scale batteries addresses this problem as it ensures the storage of the excess power during the time of over production. The ongoing rise in the renewable power projects is likely to boost the grid scale battery market over the coming years.
The major restraint identified in the grid scale battery market are the additional capital investment required in installing these batteries. Various utilities, owing to budget constraints are reluctant to invest on the installation of these batteries. The reluctance offered by these utilities restrict the growth of the grid scale battery market.
Major opportunities identified in the grid scale battery market is the rising demand for these batteries from fast growing renewable energy markets such as China, India, and other developing nations. With the ambitious renewable power capacity addition targets, these countries are witnessing large scale investment in the development of wind and solar power projects. With the addition of new renewable power capacity, the need for storing the excess power is expected to arise. Grid scale batteries addresses this concern by ensuring storage of excess power generated by new power sources. As a result, developing countries offer ample growth opportunities for the growth of grid scale battery market over the coming years.
Insights by geography
Asia-Pacific is expected witness highest growth in the grid scale battery market owing to large scale capacity addition targets of renewable power projects in countries such as China, India, Japan, Indonesia, and South Korea. The rapidly advancing renewable power capacity is expected to positively influence the growth of grid scale battery market.
Some of the major players operating in the global grid scale battery market are LG Chem Ltd., Panasonic Corporation, Samsung SDI Co. Ltd. Fluence Energy LLC, Tesla Inc., BYD company limited, ABB Group, The General Electric Company, Toshiba Corporation, and SAFT Groupe.